Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that specializes in straightening teeth. It’s one of the dental specialties duly recognized by the American Dental Association (ADA).
Orthodontics involves the diagnosis, prevention, and correction of malocclusion (misalignment of the teeth). Malocclusion can be the result of:
Orthodontists specialize in correcting teeth that are out of position. This is done through:
Orthodontists also treat a wide range of other conditions including:
Orthodontists are trained to work with a variety of materials and techniques. Examples of these materials and techniques include:
An orthodontist is a person who specializes in orthodontics. They treat and diagnose people who need teeth straightened.
Orthodontists are specialists in:
Orthodontists are also known for their advanced knowledge and skills in:
There are two types of orthodontists:
General dentists with orthodontic training are also called “general orthodontists”. They have the same training as general dentists. They just have additional training in orthodontics.
Specialists who have additional training in orthodontics are called “specialists with orthodontic training”. They are certified by the American Board of Orthodontics.
Orthodontists must complete a minimum of 5 years of dental school. They must then complete 3 years of advanced training. This includes the following:
Orthodontists are certified by the American Board of Orthodontics. They have to pass a certification exam after the completion of their residency.
An orthodontist can correct malocclusion (misalignment of the teeth) and treat other conditions like gummy smiles, worn-down teeth, overbites, underbites, cross bites, and crowded teeth.
Here are the procedures and treatments only orthodontists can do:
Braces are devices that straighten teeth. There are two main types:
Invisalign is a removable orthodontic appliance that’s invisible.
It’s usually used to correct mild to moderate misalignments.
Lingual braces are bonded to the back of the teeth.
They are used to correct malocclusion (misalignment of the teeth) when traditional braces don’t work.
Molar tubes are small, flexible devices that help correct cross bites.
Teeth bonding is a procedure that’s used to improve the appearance of your teeth.
Teeth grinding is a condition in which teeth are worn down from excessive clenching or grinding.
This often results in tooth decay and sensitivity.
The total length of time braces are on for depends on the person.. On average braces will be on for 2 years, in some cases this will be shorter or longer.
Follow the care instructions provided by your orthodontist specialist. Try to avoid overly hard to sticky foods so they don’t get stuck in your braces.