What is Halitosis?
Halitosis is a medical term used to describe bad breath.
Can be caused by poor dental habits or certain systemic diseases.
What are the causes of Halitosis?
Causes Inside The Mouth:
- Certain spices
- Orange Juice or Soda
Tobacco in any form
- Oral use of tobacco
Poor Oral Hygiene
Lack of adequate brushing and flossing
Lack of tongue regular tongue cleaning
Ill fitting dentures
Improperly cleaned dentures
- Reduced saliva production
- Inadequate breakdown of food particles
- Less flushing of food particles
Throat and sinus causes
- Sinus infection
- Post nasal drainage
- Chronic bronchitis
- Upper and lower respiratory tract infections
- Tonsil stones
Causes Outside The Mouth
- Kidney diseases
- Liver diseases
- Sleep Disorders
- Gastro esophageal reflux disease
- Metabolic disorders
- Some cancers
What are the signs of Halitosis?
- Affects everyone at one point of time
- Temporary or Chronic
- Occasional bad taste
- Complain of bad smell coming from mouth by a friend/relative
What are the treatment options available?
- Proper oral hygiene routine
- Brush twice a day with a fluoridated toothpaste
- Floss once a day
- Clean your tongue daily
- Gargling with plain water after having food.
- Replace your toothbrush every 3 months or after an illness
- Remove dentures every night before sleeping
- Clean your dentures everyday as per instructions
- Clean braces and retainers properly
What are the preventive measures?
- Oral hygiene maintainance
- Refrain from smoking
- Do not consume oral tobacco
- Limit alcohol intake
- Limit intake of caffeine
- Proper hydration
- Regular dental visits